The United States entered the war on December 7, 1941 following the "day of infamy" (as they called it) which saw the attack on Pearl Harbor. Their fleet, more concentrated than the Pacific, had based its development on the idea of the greater importance of the air forces compared to the other naval units, which were instead used more as a escor...
The United States entered the war on December 7, 1941 following the "day of infamy" (as they called it) which saw the attack on Pearl Harbor. Their fleet, more concentrated than the Pacific, had based its development on the idea of the greater importance of the air forces compared to the other naval units, which were instead used more as a escort to the aircraft carriers themselves and as support for the landing operations. Many battleships in service dated back to twenty years before and would have been upgraded and modernized throughout the conflict, with particular emphasis on anti-aircraft and secondary armaments, the strengthening of certain protections, the reconstruction of superstructures: overall they had a good armament and effective protection even if their speed, except for the Iowa class, did not exceed 28 knots.
As the war evolved, American technology and warfare techniques progressed surprisingly, beginning with air defense to arrive at the offense and the dominion of the skies. The American artilleries, although not up to the German ones, proved to be very effective, especially if assisted by power stations for the calculation of the shot, advanced centralized steering and tapping systems, automatisms and semi-automatisms linked to the shooting and sineergy between radar and pieces artillery. Unlike the other marines, the Americans sacrificed nothing of the offensive and defensive power of their ships in favor of speed, but the one in which they revealed themselves masters was the extensive use of the aircraft carrier, which they considered the true "capital ship", leaving the armored to secondary roles, while always including them in any naval training. On the whole, the American navy held to its secular motto: to maintain itself in a state of strength and preparation such as to sustain politics and national interests, and to watch over the security of the United States and its continental and overseas possessions.
The result was a large fleet, thanks to the production of the American war industry, equipped with constantly evolving and increasing numbers, which combined the adequately developed and exploited air threat, a considerable impact force of the heaviest units and a massive presence of the lighter ones for protection. Unlike the other war navies, a lot of emergency situations were given a lot of weight and its repair teams became the most efficient and prepared in the world. Starting from an initial inferiority compared to its main antagonist, 'Japanese Empire, knew how to grow and improve until it overtook and overwhelm every opponent.