Admiral There are 27 products.

Subcategories

  • KM - Kriegs Marine
  • RM - Regia Marina
  • HMS - Her Majesty's Ship
  • USS Navy

    The United States entered the war on December 7, 1941 following the "day of infamy" (as they called it) which saw the attack on Pearl Harbor. Their fleet, more concentrated than the Pacific, had based its development on the idea of the greater importance of the air forces compared to the other naval units, which were instead used more as a escort to the aircraft carriers themselves and as support for the landing operations. Many battleships in service dated back to twenty years before and would have been upgraded and modernized throughout the conflict, with particular emphasis on anti-aircraft and secondary armaments, the strengthening of certain protections, the reconstruction of superstructures: overall they had a good armament and effective protection even if their speed, except for the Iowa class, did not exceed 28 knots.

    As the war evolved, American technology and warfare techniques progressed surprisingly, beginning with air defense to arrive at the offense and the dominion of the skies. The American artilleries, although not up to the German ones, proved to be very effective, especially if assisted by power stations for the calculation of the shot, advanced centralized steering and tapping systems, automatisms and semi-automatisms linked to the shooting and sineergy between radar and pieces artillery. Unlike the other marines, the Americans sacrificed nothing of the offensive and defensive power of their ships in favor of speed, but the one in which they revealed themselves masters was the extensive use of the aircraft carrier, which they considered the true "capital ship", leaving the armored to secondary roles, while always including them in any naval training. On the whole, the American navy held to its secular motto: to maintain itself in a state of strength and preparation such as to sustain politics and national interests, and to watch over the security of the United States and its continental and overseas possessions.


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    The result was a large fleet, thanks to the production of the American war industry, equipped with constantly evolving and increasing numbers, which combined the adequately developed and exploited air threat, a considerable impact force of the heaviest units and a massive presence of the lighter ones for protection. Unlike the other war navies, a lot of emergency situations were given a lot of weight and its repair teams became the most efficient and prepared in the world. Starting from an initial inferiority compared to its main antagonist, 'Japanese Empire, knew how to grow and improve until it overtook and overwhelm every opponent.

  • Nippon Kaigun

    The Japanese Imperial Navy was perhaps the only one to enter the war perfectly prepared, since the expansionist ambitions of Japan had involved the country in a war much earlier, in the Indochinese sector. Unlike the army, which remained always very conservative in structure and means, the navy gave proof of great openness and wisdom towards the "external" realities of the island of the Rising Sun, which brought it in relatively little time, to in 1918, it was the third naval force in the world after Great Britain and the United States. Already in those years Japan was planning and building battle units of great conception and power that, unlike the units built by other marinas in the same period, had a good balance between speed, protection and armament. The fleet, after the Washington Naval Treaty, grew in means and preparedness becoming a frighteningly efficient war apparatus, with excellent quality units and completed by highly motivated and prepared crews: its purpose as destroyer of the adversaries and conqueror of overseas territories was pursued through the development of an efficient boarded aviation, landing vehicles and departments and adequately prepared units.


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    Despite the presence of a strong core of aircraft carriers, the Japanese navy set its tactics still basing on the idea of frontal collision with the enemy: the air forces had to engage, weaken and slow it down, while the bulk of the fleet would have to later , engage and destroy it with large battle units, cruisers, torpedoes and submarines.


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    From this idea derived the heavy modernization of the old battleships and the construction of the two supercorazzate Yamato and Musashi. All this led to the lack of exploitation of the potential of airplanes and submarines, both designed with auxiliary functions rather than real protagonists which should have been (and were in the other fleets).



    Instead, much care was devoted to the construction and refinement of the torpedoes, the speed of the "heavier" units made them sometimes use them as cruisers, demonstrating their quality and the preparation of their crews; on the other hand, there was a modest degree of development of detection and pointing technologies and navigation equipment. The ships were always used with decision and accuracy, achieving many successes in the first phase of the Pacific campaign. The Japanese navy always sought direct contact with the enemy in a comparison of calibers and armor, in an approach to the battle that reflected the ideals of glory, honor and devotion typical of the samurai.


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